Everything You Need To Know About Blood Sugar Level And Its Management

Blood sugar levels can be effectively managed and adjusted if there is a slight change; either it gets higher or lower. Such actions are to be applied carefully for a healthy you. This article talks about how a person can manage the blood sugar level in his body with the assistance of a diabetic blood sugar levels chart and provides guidelines that are suggested to be followed by you. Let’s dive right in.

Management of blood sugar levels in your body 

You can either raise the level of blood sugar when it gets low or lowers it when the level of blood sugar gets high.

  1. In case of a low level of blood sugar

A person suffering from hypoglycemia or a very low level of blood sugar might notice symptoms such as:


  • Feeling jittery or shaky
  • Feeling lightheaded or dizzy
    • Being confused
  • Having headaches
  • Being tired or hungry easily
  • Witnessing changes in heart rhythm
  • Facing difficulty speaking or seeing

With the occurrence of such symptoms, a person is advised to:

  • Get their glucose levels checked
  • Consume items that contain around or about 150-20 grams of carbohydrates or glucose
  • Wait for a duration of 15 minutes
  • Check your glucose levels again
  • Repeat in case the levels still come out to be low

If despite all your efforts the level remains low, you should seek medical advice. If you end up losing consciousness, you should prefer seeking emergency help.

  1. In case of a high level of blood sugar

A person suffering from hyperglycemia or a very high level of blood sugar might notice symptoms such as:

  • Thirst
  • Headache
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Tiredness or weakness
  • Blurred vision

It might help if you regularly exercise. If a high level tends to persist, it is advised that you consult a doctor as you might need an adjusted treatment plan instead. Also, in case the symptoms in both situations are severe, you might want to go for emergency medical attention as well.

The human body is analogous to the machines and robots created by humans. Indeed, the human body is the masterpiece of engineering and advanced science designed by the creator itself. Like machines, the body also requires some energy source to use to do work. Unlike machines, the body uses natural compounds as an energy source. Glucose is a naturally occurring sugar present in the blood composition and is used by the body as the main source of energy. The concentration in which glucose is present in the blood is very important to maintain. Extremely low or high sugar concentrations can lead to serious health issues such as diabetes, kidney diseases, heart diseases, nerve problems, and even strokes. Some guidelines are created to maintain the safe concentration levels of dissolved sugar/glucose in the blood and ensure a healthy lifestyle. These guidelines are known as blood glucose and sugar level guidelines. These guidelines are formed through detailed analysis and research on the consequences of extreme blood glucose levels and how the daily diet affects the concentration of this blood glucose level. Activities, suggestions, and precautions mentioned in the guidelines help a person achieve the safe range of dissolved glucose concentration in the blood and avoid any related health issues. Effects of dissolved glucose in the blood Dissolved glucose affects almost every function and organ of the body. Glucose obtained after the digestion of food is mixed into the bloodstream. The blood then transports this glucose to different vital organs and every cell of the body for energy. Low blood sugar levels consequently provide less energy to the cells and sometimes cause the metabolic processes to malfunction. In comparison, high levels of blood glucose affect vital organs directly and thicken the blood, resulting in stroke or heart blockage. These consequences of extreme levels of blood sugar can lead to even death. Blood Glucose And Sugar Level Guidelines The human body can maintain a safe level of blood glucose concentration. The pancreas secretes an enzyme called insulin, which acts as an essential monitoring and regulating system for the glucose level in the bloodstream. Certain diseases or medical conditions inhibit the production of this enzyme, leading a person vulnerable to unregulated levels of glucose and hence its negative consequence on the body. Following the guidelines created to help maintain these levels has proven to have significant progress and positive effects on fighting this problem. Even for people with no diabetic history, it is considered a good practice to frequently measure and analyze glucose levels with the help of these guidelines. Some of the important points to be kept in mind to analyze and maintain glucose levels in the body are: Keep frequently measuring the glucose concentrations in the bloodstream. A significantly increased or decreased level might indicate a medical condition in the patient. The normal blood glucose levels for an adult are considered to be between 72 mg/dL and 108 mg/dL. In comparison, the normal glucose level for children ranges between 100 mg/dL and 180 mg/dL. Glucometers can be used to monitor glucose concentration in blood and also help in identifying medical conditions. On extreme levels, an immediate consultancy with a doctor is suggested.

Monitoring the blood sugar levels 

Monitoring the sugar level of your blood is a crucial part of managing diabetes. An ideal monitoring plan might include:

  • Test in the office of a doctor
  • Fingerprick test
  • A CGM device that monitors the level of glucose throughout a day

The time when a person generally checks his level includes before a meal, while noticing any related symptoms, or before bedtime.

A person might also go with additional testing:

  • Succeeding to the adjustments in diabetic blood sugar levels chart After, during, or before the exercise
  • During night
  • When he does not feel well

The frequency to get yourself tested tends to vary concerning the stage and type of diabetes you are suffering from along with other individual factors. A doctor will advise you on how often and when you should get yourself tested.


Management of blood sugar levels is a very crucial step to prevent diabetes and related complications in the future. If it stays within the recommended range, treatment is said to be working. Individual needs might differ; a doctor helps in setting up goals at the beginning of the treatment to cut you off from all the concerns about blood sugar levels.

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